In the last two decades, though, there has been an increase in the release of those who were sent to an institution rather than a prison (Collins and Hinkebein). It is very important to have a sense of safety in order to lead a healthy life. People cannot possibly feel safe knowing that a vicious killer may be released at any time. Just as mental health professionals are responsible for classifying whether or not a defendant qualifies to be sentenced to an institution rather than prison, they also have a large part in deciding when and if the defendant gets released. "When defendants are found NGRI, the law is clear that they will be committed to a suitable facility, such as a psychiatric hospital, until they are eligible to be released back into the community" (Wright II and Piazza).Why, in any case, would you release a person who has committed a heinous crime back into the community? Court rulings say that insanity acquitees are to have the same constitutional due process that civil patients have, which makes it hard to keep the individual locked up after recovering from a mental illness – these acquitees are also able to uphold all the rights of a regular citizen (Collins and Hinkebein). In other words, it will be as if this person had not even committed a crime in the first place. The first insanity rule was developed in 1843, when Daniel M'Naghten tried to assassinate the British Prime Minister Robert Peel, because he believed, in his mind, that he was being persecuted. During the attempt, he had killed the Prime Minister's assistant. M'Naghten was found insane, and later a specific test was made and applied in insanity cases, and became known as the M'Naghten rule.
In the movie Aviator, out just this past year, tells the story of aviation pioneer Howard Hughes during the late 1920s through the 1940s, when Hughes was directing and producing Hollywood movies and test flying innovative airplanes he designed and created. He, like John Nash, had a brilliant mind. He was able to see sheets of blue prints in his mind, in a instant, and be able to tell what a problem was and on which sheet it would be found on. However, he suffered from hypochondria and persisted that he was likely to become ill, often involving symptoms when illness wasn't present, and persisted despite reassurance and medical evidence to the contrary that illness was likely. He saw dirt in clean water, and went so far that he refused to use soap that wasn't of his own. In 1944 he had a mental breakdown and locked himself in a small private theater for weeks. In 1958 Hughes suffered another mental breakdown, one he never fully recovered from.